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How to Use the WHO PDF 16 Document for Age Grouping in Your Research

How to Classify Age Groups According to Global Standards

Age classification is a way of grouping people based on their age. It can be useful for various purposes, such as health care, education, research, and social policies. However, different countries may have different criteria for defining age groups. Therefore, it is important to use a standardized system that can be applied internationally.

klasifikasi usia menurut who pdf 16

One of the most widely used systems is the age classification by the World Health Organization (WHO). This system is based on a standardized process of adjusting age according to global standards. By using this system, the epidemiology and demography of international health can be seen more clearly. It can also provide a basis for the world to formulate their own health policies.

What are the age groups according to WHO?

The age groups according to WHO are as follows:

  • Infants: 0-1 year

  • Children: 2-10 years

  • Adolescents: 11-19 years

  • Youth: 20-24 years

  • Adults: 25-64 years

  • Elderly: 65 years and above

Each age group has its own characteristics, challenges, and health problems. For example, infants are prone to cough, cold, fever, and vomiting. They may also have skin problems, such as diaper rash and cradle cap. However, these health problems are usually not serious, especially if they are protected by basic and additional immunizations.

Children need nutrition from healthy food, adequate rest, and physical activity. They may experience weight loss, behavioral changes, fever, sore throat, and other common illnesses. Adolescents face more complex health issues, such as traffic accidents, suicide, and sexually transmitted infections like HIV/AIDS. Their mental health also needs attention, especially from the age of 14 years. At that age, adolescents may show signs of mental disorders (if any) that are often undetected or untreated.

Youth are in a transition period from adolescence to adulthood. They may face challenges in finding their identity, pursuing education or career goals, and establishing relationships. They may also be exposed to various risk behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse, and unsafe sex. These behaviors can affect their physical and mental health in the long term.

Adults have more responsibilities and roles in society. They may have to balance their work and family life, cope with stress and pressure, and deal with chronic diseases or aging issues. They need to maintain a healthy lifestyle and prevent or manage any health problems that may arise.

Elderly are people who have reached the age of 65 years or above. They may experience physical and mental decline due to aging. They may also face social isolation, loneliness, or dependency on others. They need to receive adequate care and support from their family and community. They also need to stay active and engaged in meaningful activities. a27c54c0b2


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